The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 (FERPA or the Buckley Amendment) is a United States federal law codified at 20 U.S.C. § 1232g, with implementing regulations in title 34, part 99 of the Code of Federal Regulations. The regulations provide that educational agencies and institutions that receive funding under a program administered by the U. S. Department of Education must provide students with access to their education records, an opportunity to seek to have the records amended, and some control over the disclosure of information from the records. With several exceptions, schools must have a student's consent prior to the disclosure of education records. Examples of situations affected by FERPA include school employees divulging information to someone other than the child's parents about a child's grades or behavior, and school work posted on a bulletin board with a grade.
FERPA specifically excludes employees of an educational institution if they are not students.
Records -- handwriting, print, computer, videotape, audiotape, film, microfilm, microfiche or e-mail -- of an institution that
Education records do not include
Law allows parental access if student is claimed as a dependent for Federal income tax purposes. Access can also be granted to both the parent who claims the student, as well as the parent who is not claiming the student. Parent(s) must complete Parental Request for Academic Information (available in the Registrar's Office or academic department) each time information is requested. Rights transfer to the student:
1) Notify current students annually in writing of their rights under FERPA.
-The criteria for determining school officials
-A description of what constitutes legitimate educational interest
2) Grant access by students or parents, if applicable, to education records.
-Confinement in the county jail not to exceed 6 months
-or fines not to exceed $1,000