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An active shooter is an individual actively engaged in killing or attempting to kill people in a confined or populated area; in most cases, active shooter use firearm(s) and there is no pattern or method to their selection of victims.
Active shooter situations are unpredictable and evolve quickly. Typically, the immediate deployment of law enforcement is required to stop the shooting and mitigate harm to victims.
It is important for individuals to prepare both mentally and physically to deal with active shooter situations through training and education.
· When calling 9-1-1 from a cell phone on campus, state that you are calling from the University of Cincinnati, the building name, room number and reason for the call
· If you are in an office, stay there and secure the door. If you are in a hallway, get into a room and secure the door.
· If you are outside, look for buildings, brick walls, vehicles or solid structures that will provide protection from bullets
HOW TO RESPOND WHEN AN ACTIVE SHOOTER IS IN YOUR VICINITY
Quickly determine the most reasonable way to protect your own life. Remember that students and visitors are likely to follow the lead of faculty and staff during emergency situations.
If there is an accessible escape path, attempt to evacuate the premises. Be sure to:
· Have an escape route and plan in mind, evacuate regardless whether others agree to follow or not
· Leave your belongings behind
· Follow the instructions of any police officers
2. Hide Out
If evacuation is not possible, find a place to hide where the active shooter is less likely to find you.
· Your hiding place should:
· Be out of the active shooter’s view
· Provide protection if shots are fired in your direction (i.e., an office with a closed and locked door)
To prevent an active shooter from entering your hiding place:
· Lock the door
· Blockade the door with heavy furniture
If the active shooter is nearby:
· Lock the door
· Silence your cell phone
· Hide behind large items (furniture, cabinets, desks)
· Remain quiet
3. Take action against the active shooter
As a last resort, and only when your life is in imminent danger, attempt to disrupt and/or incapacitate the active shooter by:
· Acting as aggressively as possible against him/her
· Throwing items and improvising weapons
· Committing to your actions
HOW TO RESPOND WHEN LAW ENFORCEMENT ARRIVES
Law enforcement’s purpose is to stop the active the active shooter as soon as possible. Officers will proceed directly to the area in which the last shots were heard.
· Officers may wear regular patrol uniforms or external bulletproof vests, and helmets
· Officers may be armed with rifles, shotguns, handguns
· Officers may use pepper spray or tear gas to control the situation.
· Officers may shout commands and may order individuals to the ground for their safety
How to react when law enforcement arrives:
· Remain calm and follow officer’s instructions
· Put down any items in your hands (i.e., bags, jackets)
· Keep hands visible at all times
· Avoid making quick movements toward officers such as holding on to them for safety
· Exit in the direction the officers are entering the premises
This information and more can be found on the Department of Homeland Security’s Website at http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/active_shooter_booklet.pdf or by contacting UC Public Safety at 513-556-4909.