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Creating Accessible Electronic Files
If you create electronic materials (text, images, video, etc.) for online publications or systems, certain elements should be included to make the materials accessible to individuals with disabilities, including (but not limited to) people with hearing, mobility, cognitive or visual impairments.
By keeping accessibility in mind when creating electronic files from the beginning, you will be successful in making accessible electronic content.
Included on this page is a basic list to check for eAccessibility in your electronic files. For a more comprehensive list, please visit our Best Practices page.
Sarah Schroeder: Assistant Professor
UC School of Education
"Without the UDL principles and guidelines, I would never have considered the range of barriers my students face and the wide variety of ways I can structure learning experiences to overcome those barriers. It has made my technology integration more purposeful and my instructional and assessment choices more strategic and meaningful."
Electronic File Accessibility Checklist
- Use headings to convey meaning and structure
- Maintain a logical reading order
- Keep content clear and concise
- Use complete table formatting (table headers and alternative text)
- Use descriptive links
- Provide alternative descriptions for images
- Use true lists for bulleted items
- Do not rely solely on sensory information (e.g., shape, size, color, visual location, orientation, sound, etc.)
- Explain complex images using text description
- Use good visual contrast
- Avoid using graphics only to convey written text
- Set document language to English
- For Adobe PDFs, text that can be selected is the best
- Explain jargons, idioms, and/or abbreviations