University Communications

University Communications

UC Style: How to capitalize, spell, punctuate food, culinary terms

The following list contains the proper capitalization, punctuation, spelling and usage for food names, food-related terms and culinary items, in accordance with AP guidelines.

Return to regular UC Stylebook.

A

  • adobo sauce (spicy red sauce)
  • agave (honey-like syrup made from plants)
  • aioli (a garlic mayonnaise)
  • a la carte, a la king, a la mode (no accent marks)
  • al dente
  • Alfredo
  • al fresco (2 words)
  • alfresco (one word, a meal eaten outside)
  • all-purpose flour (preferred term for white wheat flour)
  • amuse-bouche (French, a bite-sized dish served at restaurants before the meal, usually free)
  • andouille sausage
  • angel food cake, angel hair pasta
  • Angus
  • antipasto
  • apples (most varieties capitalized; crabapple is an exception)
    • Cortland
    • Gala
    • Golden Delicious
    • Granny Smith
    • Fiji
    • Honeycrisp
    • McIntosh
  • alcoholic drinks (see liquor)
  • Anjou pear
  • Arborio rice (short-grain, starchy Italian variety of white rice)
  • artisanal (foods and drinks produced in small batches with local techniques and ingredients)
  • Asian pear

B

  • baba ghanoush
  • baby back ribs (no hyphen)
  • baked Alaska
  • baker's dozen (13, not 12)
  • baking sheet (preferred to cookie sheet)
  • baklava
  • bananas Foster
  • barbecue (not barbecue or Bar-B-Q)
  • Bartlett pear
  • basmati rice
  • bearnaise sauce
  • beef stroganoff
  • beef Wellington
  • bialy, bialys (Jewish-American yeast roll topped with onions)
  • bibb lettuce (lowercase b is an exception to Merriam-Webster)
  • Bing cherries
  • black-eyed pea
  • Black Forest cake
  • blind bake (to bake a pie crust before filling it)
  • bloody mary (all lowercase)
  • blue cheese (not bleu cheese)
  • bok choy (also called pak choi or Chinese white cabbage)
  • Bolognese (thick Italian meat sauce)
  • borscht
  • Bosc pear
  • Boston brown bread, Boston cream pie, Boston lettuce
  • bouillabaisse (French seafood stew)
  • bow tie pasta (also called farfalle)
  • Brazil nut
  • bread-and-butter pickles
  • breadbox, breadcrumb, breadstick (all one word)
  • brioche (rich French yeast bread)
  • Broccolini (a trademark for a broccoli hybrid)
  • broccoli raab
  • Brussels sprouts
  • Buffalo wings
  • bulgur wheat
  • bulkie roll (also called kaiser roll or Vienna roll)
  • Bundt pan
  • busboy (one word)
  • buttercream (one word)
  • butterfat (one word)
  • butter pecan ice cream (no hyphen)

C

  • Caesar salad
  • California roll
  • Canadian bacon
  • canape, canapes
  • cannellini (a white bean)
  • cannelloni (large tubular pasta)
  • cannoli (Italian pastry)
  • cappuccino
  • carnaroli rice (Italian variety of rice)
  • cast-iron (adj.), cast iron (n.)
  • challah (Jewish braided bread)
  • cheeses (notice confusing capitalization)
    • Asiago cheese
    • blue cheese (not bleu cheese)
    • Brie
    • cheddar
    • Camembert
    • chevre
    • colby cheese
    • cow's milk cheese
    • Emmenthal (mild, hard Swiss cheese)
    • fontina cheese
    • fontina Val d'AostaGorgonzola
    • Gouda
    • Gruyere
    • havarti
    • Jack, Monterey Jack vs. pepper jack
    • Jarlsberg
    • manchego cheese
    • mascarpone cheese
    • Monterey Jack vs. pepper jack
    • Muenster
    • Neufchatel cheese
    • Parmesan cheese
    • Parmigiano-Reggiano (an Italian Parmesan)
    • pecorino
    • pepper jack cheese (lowercase J — unlike Jack cheese)
    • provolone
    • Roquefort cheese
    • Stilton
    • Swiss cheese
    • taleggio cheese
  • cheesecloth, cheesemaker (each one word)
  • chicken cordon bleu
  • chicken-fried steak
  • chicken Kiev
  • chickpea (preferred over garbanzo bean)
  • Cobb salad
  • Coca-Cola, Coke
  • coffeecake (one word)
  • colander (strainer preferred word)
  • coleslaw (one word)
  • confectioner's sugar (powdered sugar preferred term)
  • cornbread, cornflakes, cornmeal, cornstarch vs. corn dog, corn flour
  • Cornish hen
  • crabcake, crabmeat
  • creme brulee (no accent mark)
  • creme fraiche
  • cremini mushroom
  • Crisco
  • Crock-Pot (two caps and a hyphen part of trademark)
  • cupful, cupfuls (not cupsful)

D

  • Danish pastry
  • demi-glace
  • Dijon mustard
  • drive-thru (rather than drive-through)
  • Dr Pepper (no period)
  • dry-roasted
  • dulce de leche (caramel-like blend)
  • Dungeness crab
  • Dutch oven

E

  • edamame
  • eggs Benedict, eggs Florentine
  • electric mixer (preferred term for hand-held mixer)
  • English muffin
  • entree (no accent mark)
  • espresso (not expresso)
  • extra-virgin olive oil

F

  • fajitas
  • falafel
  • farmers market (no apostrophe)
  • farmstead
  • farm-to-table
  • filbert (term hazelnut preferred)
  • filet (for meat) vs. fillet (for fish)
  • filet mignon
  • Filet-O-Fish (McDonald's fish sandwich)
  • five-spice powder
  • flatbread (one word)
  • flat iron steak (no hyphen)
  • flaxseed
  • Fluffernutter (trademark sandwich name)
  • foie gras (liver pate)
  • foodie (slang, person with passion for good food)
  • fra diavolo (spicy Italian dish)
  • free-range (adj.)
  • French bread, French dressing, french fries (refers to the style of cut, not to France), French toast
  • frisee (bitter salad green)

G

  • ganache
  • garbanzo bean (chickpea preferred)
  • General Tso's chicken
  • ghee (Indian clarified butter)
  • gingerbread, gingersnap
  • gourmand (similar to a glutton), gourmet (person who is an excellent judge of food and drink)
  • graham crackers (named after Sylvester Graham)
  • Grape-Nuts (hyphen)

H

  • half-and-half (hyphens)
  • hand-held mixer (electric mixer preferred term)
  • hard-boil (v.), hard-boiled (adj.)
  • Hass avocado
  • hazelnut (preferred over filbert)
  • heatproof (one word)
  • herbes de Provence
  • Hereford
  • hibachi
  • hoisin sauce
  • hollandaise
  • hors d'oeuvre, hors d'oeuvres
  • huitlacoche (a fungus also called corn smut)

I

  • Irish coffee

J

  • jasmine rice (lowercase)
  • Jell-O (trademark)
  • jellyroll (one word)
  • jigger (1½ fluid ounces, called a shot or shot glass)
  • johnnycake (flat griddlecake beginning in early 1700s)

K

  • kaiser roll
  • Kalamata olive
  • kebabs (preferred over kabob)
  • ketchup (not catchup or catsup)
  • Key lime
  • kielbasa
  • kimchee
  • Kobe beef (from Kobe, Japan)
  • Kool-Aid (trademark)
  • kosher food, kosher salt (lowercase)

L

  • lemon grass (two words)
  • liquor, liqueur, beer, ale and mixed drinks (see wine, also)
    • absinthe
    • Bellini
    • Benedictine
    • bloody mary (all lowercase)
    • bourbon (a whiskey from Bourbon County, Ky.)
    • Calvados (French brandy)
    • Campari
    • cognac (French brandy)
    • Cointreau
    • draft beer (not draught)
    • Drambuie
    • Grand Marnier
    • India pale ale
    • Jamaica rum (not Jamaican rum)
    • lager
    • Manhattan cocktail
    • Pilsner (uppercase, a pale lager)
    • rickey (mixed drink with liquor and lime juice)
    • scotch (lowercase when used in a generic sense)
    • Scotch whisky (capitalize Scotch only when used with the word whisky, which can only be spelled without the E when used with the word Scotch)
    • triple sec
    • whiskey, whiskeys (only omit the E when used with the word Scotch)
  • locavore (a person who tries to eat locally produced foods)
  • London broil
  • low-fat

M

  • madeleine (shell-shaped French cake)
  • mandarin orange
  • M&M's
  • mandoline (vegetable slicer)
  • Manhattan clam chowder, Manhattan cocktail
  • maraschino cherries
  • Marshmallow Fluff (trademark)
  • matzo (unleavened Jewish bread)
  • McDonald's Corp.
  • medium-rare (hyphen)
  • melon baller (no hyphen)
  • mesclun (salad greens)
  • Meyer lemon
  • mise en place (French for preparing ingredients before preparing a recipe)
  • mixed drinks (see liquor)
  • molecular gastronomy (also known as modernist cuisine)
  • mousse de saumon (salmon mousse)

N

  • naan (Indian flatbread)
  • napoleon (pastry)
  • navel orange
  • nonstick

O

  • open-faced sandwich
  • orecchiette (small disk-like pasta)
  • Oreo (trademark)
  • organic (federally regulated food labeling term)
  • ovenproof

P

  • pad thai (a Thai noodle dish)
  • palate (roof of the mouth and sense of taste), palette (a board holding
  • an artist's paint)
  • pan-fry
  • panini
  • panko (Japanese-style breadcrumbs)
  • passion fruit
  • pasta, pastas (the plural does not follow Italian grammar)
  • pepitas (hulled pumpkin seeds used in Mexican dishes)
  • Peppadew (brand name for South Africa red peppers)
  • Pepsi, Pepsi-Cola, PepsiCo Inc.
  • petit four, petits fours
  • Philly cheesesteak
  • piccata (Italian dish)
  • pimento (a tree and a berry)
  • pimiento (a sweet, mild pepper)
  • pine nuts (preferred word over pignoli)
  • pitmaster
  • po'boy (no space)
  • Popsicle (trademark)
  • porterhouse
  • portobello mushroom (not portabella)
  • potluck (two words)
  • potpie, pot sticker
  • pound cake (two words)
  • precooked (one word)
  • prix fixe (set price charged for all the meal's courses)
  • Pyrex

Q

  • quinoa (high-protein seed from the Andes)

R

  • ranch dressing
  • ratatouille
  • Reuben sandwich
  • rocky road ice cream
  • romaine lettuce
  • root beer (two words)
  • Roquefort dressing
  • roux
  • Russian dressing

S

  • salade nicoise
  • Salisbury steak
  • salade Russe (Russian salad)
  • saute, sauteed, sauteing
  • scallions (preferred term for green onions)
  • semisweet chocolate
  • serrano chili, serrano ham
  • shepherd's pie
  • shiitake mushroom
  • Sichuan (not Szechwan)
  • sloppy Joes
  • slow cooker
  • Smithfield Ham (uppercase H)
  • s'more
  • soft serve ice cream (no hyphen)
  • spareribs
  • not favorite
  • spongecake
  • Sriracha sauce (hot Thai chili sauce)
  • stand mixer (no hyphen, preferred term for a stationary kitchen mixer)
  • stir-fry (n. and v.)
  • sun-dried tomatoes
  • superfine sugar
  • sweet-and-sour sauce
  • Swiss chard

T

  • Tabasco (trademark)
  • tahini
  • takeout (one word)
  • tapas
  • tapenade
  • T-bone steak
  • Thai chilies, Thai chili sauce, Thai red curry paste vs. pad thai
  • thermos
  • Thousand Island dressing
  • trans fat (two words)
  • tomatoes (varieties are capitalized, as in Brandywine)
  • Turkish delight
  • tzatziki

U

  • upside-down cake

V

  • Vidalia onion
  • vienna bread, vienna coffee, vienna sausages
  • vitamin (lowercase, as in vitamin C)

W

  • Waldorf salad
  • wheat germ vs. wheatgrass
  • whiskey, whiskeys (only use whisky with the word Scotch)
  • whole-grain, whole wheat (note hyphen usage)
  • whoopie pie
  • wineglass, winemaker
  • wine names (notice capitalization difference)
    • Beaujolais
    • Bordeaux
    • Burgundy
    • cabernet sauvignon
    • Champagne
    • chardonnay
    • Chianti
    • Madeira
    • Marsala
    • merlot
    • pinot grigio
    • pinot noir
    • port
    • sauvignon blanc
  • wonton
  • Worcestershire sauce

Y

  • yam (not related to sweet potatoes)
  • Yukon Gold potato (trademark)

Z

  • zip-close bag
  • Ziploc (a brand name)