The construction validation research took place between 1999 and 2007 in four jurisdictions: 1) Colorado (prisons: N=154; parole: N=134); 2) Missouri (prisons: N=272; parole: N=150; probation: N= 310); 3) Minnesota (prisons: N=198; probation: N=233); and 4) Maui (probation: N=158).
The six tables presented below provide a summary of the data from these initial construction studies. Predictions to relevant outcome measures are shown in Table 1, below. Most importantly, row 3, shows the correlations between all gender-neutral and gender-responsive scales with the outcome, offense-related, variable examined in each study. Results are well within findings for the more well-established gender-neutral risk/needs assessments.