UC Departments working with international students and scholars need to be aware of the requirements of common visa statuses. Learn more about each visa type with the information provided on this page.
F-1 Status: Students Expand
F-1 status can be attained by an individual residing in a foreign country which he/she has no intention of abandoning, who is a bona fide student qualified to pursue a full course of study and who seeks to enter the United States temporarily and solely for the purpose of pursuing such a course of study at an established college, university, seminary, conservatory, academic high school, elementary school, or other learning institution.
F-1 students are foreign students who have been granted admission to the United States to pursue a full course of study at an academic or language institution. They are granted admission to the United States temporarily for the sole purpose of study and must have a permanent residence in a foreign country that he/she has no intention of abandoning.
J-1 Status: Students, Scholars, Professor, Interns Expand
J-1 status can be attained by an individual having residence in a foreign country which he/she has no intention of abandoning, who is a bona fide student, scholar, trainee, teacher, professor, research assistant, specialist, or leader in a field of specialized knowledge or skill, or other person of a similar description, who is coming temporarily to the United States as a participant in a program designated by the Director of the Department of State, for the purpose of teaching, instructing or lecturing, studying, observing, conducting research, consulting, demonstrating special skills, or receiving training.
The purpose of the Exchange Visitor program at the University of Cincinnati is to provide courses of study, lecturing, and research opportunities in the various fields of instruction and research conducted by the University of Cincinnati for qualified foreign students, professors, research scholars, and specialists to promote the general interest of international educational and cultural exchange. The activities for a particular exchange visitor program will be indicated on the Form DS-2019 as well as the category most appropriate for those activities. Visitors may only engage in those activities specified on the form DS-2019.
Departments can learn more about their role in the J-1 Exchange Visitor process on our J-1 Exchange Visitor page.
H-1B Status: Temporary Employment Expand
Temporary employment status is available to individuals coming to the United States temporarily to perform services in a specialty occupation (one which requires at least a bachelor's degree). Employment can be requested for increments up to three years with a total maximum stay of six years.
H-1B specialty workers are international visitors who have skills and experience of a special nature that require at least a bachelor’s degree. At U.S. colleges and universities, H-1B specialty workers are employed in many positions, including professors (tenure track or adjuncts), post doctoral research assistants, medical residents, and many other positions.
The application process for hiring an international visitor on an H-1B visa status is a cooperative effort between the hiring department, the UC International Services and the H-1B beneficiary. The most important thing to keep in mind about the H-1B process is that it is time consuming.
Departments can learn more about their role in the H-1B hiring process on our H-1B Workers page.
TN Status: Temporary Employment for Canadians / Mexicans Expand
Temporary employment status available to Canadian and Mexican Nationals whose employment falls under the approved "list of professions" created by the NAFTA Free Trade Agreement. Employment can be granted for intervals up to three years.
Departments can learn more about the TN visa on our TN visa page.
O-1 Status: Extraordinary Ability Expand
B Status: Guest Speakers / Independent Contractors Expand
An international visitor can qualify for the B visa category if he/she has no intention of abandoning his/her residence in a foreign country and is visiting the U.S. temporarily for business or tourism. International visitors visiting temporarily for business have a visa classification of B-1 and those visiting temporarily for tourism have a visa classification of B-2.
Departments can learn more about the B visa on our B visa page.
B-1 Visitor for Business
International visitors holding a B-1 visa status can receive the following:
- Honoraria payments (no limit) provided the stay does not exceed 9 days and the international visitor does not receive more than 6 payments within a six month period.
- Reimbursement of expenses for properly documented accommodations, meals, and travel in accordance with University travel policies (regardless of time of the stay). Payments also may be made directly to the provider of the service.
- Scholarship or fellowship grants where the international visitor is enrolled in a course of study and renders no services. International visitors holding B-1 visa status may not be employed.
B-2 Visitor for Tourism
International visitors holding B-2 visa status can receive honoraria payments and reimbursement for expenses provided the stay does not exceed 9 days and the international visitor does not receive such payments from more than 6 institutions in a 6 month period. International visitors holding B-2 visa status may not be employed.
Individuals from more than 20 countries can enter the U.S. without having a visa. These individuals can enter on the visa waiver program and are subject to the same payment rules as B-1 and B-2 visitors. A complete list of the visa waiver countries can be found on the B visa webpage.
Other Statuses Expand
Other nonimmigrant statuses in the US include F-2, J-2, H-4, O-3, TD, E, L, and others.
Individuals in these visa categories can typically attend school full-time or part-time and may receive a tuition scholarship. They are not permitted, however, to engage in employment associated with F-1 and J-1 students including assistantships and other forms of on-campus employment. The exception to this rule is any visa holder who has obtained an Employment Authorization Document from the Immigration and Naturalization Service.
|Type / Class|
|A-1||Ambassador, public minister, career diplomat or consular officer, and members of immediate family|
|A-2||Other foreign government official or employee, and members of immediate family|
|A-3||Attendant, servant, or personal employee of alien classified A-1 or A-2, and members of immediate family|
|B-1||Temporary visitor for business|
|B-2||Temporary visitor for pleasure|
|C-1||Alien in transit|
|C-2||Alien in transit to United Nations headquarters district under Section 11 (3), (4), or (5) of headquarters agreement|
|C-3||Foreign government official, members of immediate family, attendant, servant, or personal employee, in transit|
|D||Crewman (seaman or airman)|
|E-1||Treaty trader, spouse, and children|
|E-2||Treaty investor, spouse, and children|
|F-2||Spouse or child of student in academic or language program|
|G-1||Principal resident representative or recognized foreign member government to international organization, staff, and members of immediate family|
|G-2||Other representative of recognized foreign member government to international organization, and members of immediate family|
|G-3||Representative of non-recognized or nonmember foreign government to international organization, and members of immediate family|
|G-4||International organization officer or employee, and members of immediate family|
|G-5||Attendant, servant, or personal employee of alien classified G-1, G-2, G-3, or G-4, and members of immediate family|
|H-1A||Temporary worker performing professional nursing services|
|H-2A||Temporary agricultural worker|
|H-4||Spouse or child of alien classified H-1, H-2, or H-3|
|I||Representative of foreign information media, spouse, and children|
|J-2||Spouse or child of exchange visitor|
|K-1||Fiancée or fianc. of U.S. citizen|
|K-2||Child of fiancée or fianc. of U.S. citizen|
|L-2||Spouse or child of alien classified L-1|
|M-1||Student in vocational or other recognized nonacademic institution|
|M-2||Spouse or child of student in vocational or other recognized nonacademic institution|
|N-8||Parent of an alien child accorded special immigrant status|
|N-9||Child of an alien parent accorded special immigrant status|
|NATO-17||Includes the principal permanent representative of a NATO state; other representatives of member states; official clerical staff; officials of NATO; experts; members of a civilian component accompanying a force; attendants, servants or personal employees of NATO visa holders; and members of immediate family of the above|
|O-1||Workers of "extraordinary" ability in the sciences, arts, education, business, or athletics|
|O-2||Workers who accompany and assist O-1 aliens|
|O-3||Family members of O-1 and O-2 aliens|
|P-1||"Internationally recognized" entertainers and athletes|
|P-2||"Reciprocal exchange" artists and entertainers|
|P-3||"Culturally unique" artists and entertainers|
|P-4||Family members of P-1, P-2, or P-3 aliens|
|Q||Cultural Exchange Visitors|
|TD||Dependents of TN professionals|
Permanent Residency Expand
As an institution with a proven commitment to maintaining its world-class reputation in teaching and research, the University of Cincinnati (UC) continues to attract faculty and professional staff members from around the globe. When a UC department determines it would like to retain an international employee on a permanent basis, it must first consult with UC International Services to determine if the position meets minimum requirements for sponsorship of permanent residency.
UC International Services plays a critical role in ensuring that non-U.S. citizens are able to work and pursue the professional development opportunities that an institution such as UC can afford its employees. International employees without U.S. citizenship or permanent residency status and their UC departments must work with UC International Services if they wish to pursue employment-based routes to permanent residency (a green card).
For tenure-track teaching, faculty permanent residency is a prerequisite for tenure. For non-tenure-eligible academic and non-academic positions, permanent residency must be pursued by departments wishing to ensure permanent, uninterrupted work eligibility for their employees.
Employment-based petitions for a green card are time-consuming, as well as complex, and the staff at UC International Services is fully prepared to advise departments and their employees on how they can best achieve their long-term employment goals at UC.