Ohio Residency for Tuition Purposes
Students wishing to pay in–state tuition must apply to be reclassified as an Ohio resident for tuition purposes and meet the eligibility requirements established by Ohio State Law and the Ohio Department of Higher Education.
The term "Ohio resident" for tuition purposes may differ from other definitions of Ohio residency. A person who has an Ohio driver's license/vehicle registration or who is an Ohio resident for tax, voting, or welfare purposes may have established legal residence in the state but may not necessarily be considered a resident for tuition purposes.
To be reclassified as an Ohio resident for tuition purposes, a student must meet the residency guidelines established by State of Ohio Law and Ohio Department of Higher Education. Students are strongly advised to fully apprise themselves of the criteria established by the state of Ohio prior to seeking classification as an Ohio resident for tuition purposes.
Students who are classified as residents for tuition purposes receive the benefit of a state-supported education, funded largely by the taxpayers of Ohio. Therefore, the residency guidelines are meant to exclude from resident classification those people who are in the state of Ohio primarily for the purpose of receiving the benefit of a state-supported education. In its assessment of a student's eligibility for classification as an Ohio resident for tuition purposes, University of Cincinnati is obliged to apply the residency eligibility criteria established by Ohio Revised Code 3333.31 and Ohio Administrative Code 3333-1-10.
University of Cincinnati is not empowered to alter or waive these state regulations, and must enforce their provisions for all students under all personal and/or financial circumstances.
A student must demonstrate and document that they meet all the criteria in one of the following sections.
Evidentiary determinations under this rule shall be made by the institution which may require, among other things, the submission of documentation regarding the sources of a student's actual financial support.
Applications are only reviewed for current–term eligibility. It is the student's responsibility to submit an application by the application deadline listed on the Ohio Residency Application page. Submissions for past–term eligibility will not be considered.
A dependent student (C1 rule), at least one of whose parent or legal guardian has been a resident of the State of Ohio for all other legal purposes for 12 consecutive months or more preceding the enrollment of the student in an institution of higher education. Verification of dependency is done with federal taxes listing the student as such.
Or, students who are dependent upon a spouse, who have lived in Ohio for the previous 12 consecutive months, filed Ohio Income Tax Return for the most recent tax year and have all of their state specific documents from Ohio, including but not limited to: driver’s license or state ID, voter registration, and vehicle registration.
If your parents are Ohio residents and move out of the state while you are an enrolled resident, dependent student at UC, you will continue to be classified as a resident through the completion of one degree program, provided that you maintain continuous enrollment (summer term enrollment is not required) and make normal progress toward your degree. If you apply for a second degree program (i.e. you graduate from the first program), your residency will be reviewed, and you will have to meet the residency criteria on your own.
Similarly, if you are a dependent student who applied for admission to UC and your Ohio–resident parents subsequently move out of the state, you will be considered a resident as long as you enroll within 12 months of the date your parents moved out of Ohio.
An independent person (C2 rule), who has been a resident of Ohio for 12 consecutive months immediately preceding their enrollment, who has the ability to present clear and convincing proof that no part of their financial support is, or in the preceding 12 consecutive months has been, provided directly or indirectly by persons or entities who are not residents of Ohio for all other legal purposes.
For students under age 24 claiming independence, evidence that the student is not a dependent may be required. Such evidence may include copies of the tax returns of the student and/or tax returns from their parent(s) or legal guardian(s).
A dependent child of a parent/legal guardian or the spouse (C3 rule), of a person who, as of the first day of a term of enrollment, has accepted full-time, self-sustaining employment in Ohio and established domicile in the State of Ohio for reasons other than gaining the benefit of favorable tuition rates.
The parent, legal guardian, or spouse must have not lived in Ohio for the previous twelve consecutive months and must have all of their state specific documents from Ohio, including but not limited to: driver’s license or state ID, voter registration, vehicle registration.
Dependent is defined in Ohio Administrative Code as, "a student who was claimed by at least one parent or guardian as a dependent on that person's internal revenue service tax filing for the previous tax year."
For students who qualify for residency status under paragraph (C)(3) of this rule, residency status is lost immediately if the employed person upon whom resident student status was based accepts employment and establishes domicile outside Ohio less than twelve months after accepting employment and establishing domicile in Ohio.
Upon moving to Ohio, veterans and their spouse/dependents are eligible for in-state residency for tuition purposes if both of the following options are met.
- The veteran either:
- Served one or more years on active military duty and was honorably discharged or received a medical discharge that was related to the military service;
- Was killed while serving on active military duty or has been declared to be missing in action or a prisoner of war.
- If the veteran seeks residency status for tuition surcharge purposes, the veteran has established domicile in this state as of the first day of a term of enrollment in an institution of higher education. If the spouse or a dependent of the veteran seeks residency status for tuition surcharge purposes, the veteran and the spouse or dependent seeking residency status have established domicile in this state as of the first day of a term of enrollment in an institution of higher education, except that if the veteran was killed while serving on active military duty, has been declared to be missing in action or a prisoner of war, or is deceased after discharge, only the spouse or dependent seeking residency status shall be required to have established domicile in accordance with this division.
Upon moving to Ohio, veterans are eligible for in-state residency for tuition purposes if the following criteria are met.
- A veteran who is the recipient of federal veterans' benefits under the "All–Volunteer Force Educational Assistance Program," 38 U.S.C. 3001 et seq., or "Post–9/11 Veterans Educational Assistance Program," 38 U.S.C. 3301 et seq., or any successor program, if the veteran meets all of the following criteria:
- The veteran served at least ninety days on active duty.
- The veteran enrolls in a state institution of higher education, as defined in section 3345.011 of the Revised Code.
- The veteran lives in the state as of the first day of a term of enrollment in the state institution of higher education.
A person who is the recipient of the federal Marine Gunnery Sergeant John David Fry scholarship or transferred federal veterans' benefits under any of the programs described in division (C)(1) of this section, if the person meets both of the following criteria:
- The person enrolls in a state institution of higher education.
- The person lives in the state as of the first day of a term of enrollment in the state institution of higher education.
In order for a person using transferred federal veterans' benefits to qualify under division (C)(2) of this section, the veteran who transferred the benefits must have served at least ninety days on active duty or the service member who transferred the benefits must be on active duty.
A person who is using federal veterans' educational assistance under the "Veteran Readiness and Employment", 38 U.S.C. 3101 et seq or under “Survivors’ and Dependents’ Educational Assistance,” 38 U.S.C 3510 if the person meets the following criteria:
- The person enrolls in a state institution of higher education.
- The person lives in the state as of the first day of a term of enrollment in the state institution of higher education.
A person who, while a resident of this state for state subsidy and tuition surcharge purposes, graduated from a high school in this state or completed the final year of instruction at home as authorized under section 3321.04 of the Revised Code, if the person enrolls in an institution of higher education and establishes domicile in this state, regardless of the student's residence prior to that enrollment.
Effective Fall 2021—A person who enrolls in an institution of higher education and establishes domicile in this state, regardless of the student's residence prior to that enrollment, unless the person is in the United States on a student visa and has not petitioned for a change in status and the person meets all of the following criteria:
- The person officially withdrew from a school in this state while the person was a resident of this state for state subsidy and tuition surcharge purposes;
- The person has not received a high school diploma or honors diploma awarded under section 3313.61, 3313.611, 3313.612, or 3325.08 of the Revised Code or a high school diploma awarded by a school located in another state or country; and
- The person while a resident of this state for state subsidy and tuition surcharge purposes, both took a high school equivalency test and was awarded a certificate of high school equivalence.
Effective Fall 2021—A person who has entered and currently remains upon active duty status in the United States military service and his or her dependents shall be considered residents of Ohio, if the student who is seeking in–state tuition rates lives in the state as of the first day of a term of enrollment in the state institution of higher education.
A person, while not a resident of this state for state subsidy and tuition surcharge purposes, lives in this state and completes a bachelor's degree program at an institution of higher education in this state and, upon completing that bachelor's degree program, immediately enrolls in a graduate degree program offered at any state institution of higher education, provided the person, while enrolled in the graduate degree program, resides in this state. For purposes of this paragraph, immediate means the next semester in which the graduate degree program accepts students for admission.
An independent person (E1 rule), who is living in Ohio and is gainfully employed on a full-time or part-time and self-sustaining basis, and is pursuing a part-time program of instruction but has not yet resided in the state for 12 months may be considered a resident of Ohio for these purposes.
A person who is living and is gainfully employed on a full–time or part–time and self–sustaining basis in Ohio, and who is pursuing a part–time program of instruction at an institution of higher education, is eligible to be considered a resident of Ohio for these purposes.
Employment should minimally cover all living expenses (rent, food, utilities, transportation, insurance, cell phone, etc.) Tuition should be covered by employment and/or financial aid packages solely in student’s name. The minimum requirement to be considered self–sustaining is $324 per week. If you have dependents, then the minimum requirement would increase accordingly.
A person who enters and currently remains upon active duty status in the United States military service while a resident of Ohio for all other legal purposes and his or her dependents shall be considered residents of Ohio for these purposes as long as Ohio remains the state of such person's domicile.
A person on active duty status in the United States military service who is stationed and resides in Ohio and his or her dependents shall be considered residents of Ohio for these purposes.
A person who is transferred by his employer beyond the territorial limits of the 50 states of the United States and the District of Columbia while a resident of Ohio for all other legal purposes and his or her dependents shall be considered residents of Ohio for these purposes as long as Ohio remains the state of such person's domicile as long as such person has fulfilled his or her tax liability to the state of Ohio for at least the tax year preceding enrollment.
A person who has been employed as a migrant worker in the state of Ohio and their dependents shall be considered a resident for these purposes provided such person has worked in Ohio at least four months during each of the three years preceding the proposed enrollment.
A person who was considered a resident under this rule at the time the person started a community service position as defined under this rule, and his or her spouse and dependents, shall be considered a residents of Ohio while in service and upon completion of service in the community service position.
"Community Service Position" shall mean a position volunteering or working for:
- VISTA, Americorps, city year, the peace corps, "Teach for America," or any similar program as determined by the chancellor of the Ohio department of higher education; or
- An elected or appointed public official for a period of time not exceeding twenty-four consecutive months.
A person who returns to the state of Ohio due to marital hardship, takes or has taken legal steps to end a marriage, and reestablishes financial dependence upon a parent or legal guardian (receives greater than 50 percent of their support from the parent or legal guardian), and their dependents shall be considered residents of Ohio.
A person who is a member of the Ohio national guard, and their spouse and dependents, are eligible to be considered residents of Ohio while the person is in Ohio national guard service.
Permanent resident aliens, political refugees, and political asylees are eligible to be reviewed for in-state residency when all other residency requirements are met. Students who hold the following visas may also be reviewed for in-state residency: "A," "E," "G," "H," "I," "L," "N," "O," "P," "R," "S," "T," "TD," "TN," "U," and "V."
International students who hold "B," "C," "D," "F," "J," "M" or "Q" visas are not eligible for establishing in-state residency.
General Ohio Eligibility Criteria
- Ohio residency for tuition purposes eligibility criteria are established by State of Ohio Law and Ohio Board of Regents regulations, not by University of Cincinnati. University of Cincinnati cannot alter or waive these eligibility criteria for any reason.
- The State of Ohio allows for several exceptions for members of the military and national guard, veterans and their dependents to acquire Ohio residency for tuition purposes. More Information visit the Ohio Department of Higher Education Veterans Education Opportunities website.
- Under Ohio law, if you have moved to Ohio primarily for the purpose of attending an Ohio institution of higher learning, then you are not eligible for in–state tuition.
- Despite the length of time you attend UC or live in Ohio, you may not qualify for Ohio Residency for Tuition Purposes. Living in Ohio for a year or longer is not an automatic qualification for in–state tuition. Once classified as a nonresident, students must apply for reclassification as a resident of Ohio for tuition purposes.
- You must evidence an intent to remain permanently in Ohio. You must prove through official and/or legal documents that you have moved to Ohio permanently and are not merely living in Ohio temporarily while you attend University of Cincinnati, however long your course of study may take.
- Legal ties that you have established to another state or country (e.g., state tax liability, a driver’s license, voter’s registration, etc.) will disqualify you from residency reclassification, regardless of your reason(s) for having established these ties.
Receipt of Financial Support
- Financial hardship cannot be considered in evaluating Ohio residency for tuition purposes eligibility.
- Evidence that you are receiving out-of-state financial support in any way, either directly (e.g. tuition payments, parent PLUS loans, etc.) or indirectly (e.g., parent–purchased or copurchased residences, parent–controlled financial portfolios), will disqualify you from Ohio Residency for Tuition Purposes.
- It is the student's responsibility to check their residency status when accepted to UC. Students should carefully examine their bill as this is a clear indicator of whether a student is being charged resident or non-resident tuition. This will be listed in the Summary of Tuition, Fees, and Other Charges.
- All documents listed on the Supporting Documents Checklist under the rule which the student is applying are required. The Office of the Registrar is permitted by law to request additional documentation if needed to reach a determination.
- All male U.S. citizens, and male aliens residing in the United States, who were born in 1960 or later are required to register with Selective Service within 30 days of their eighteenth birthdays. Ohio law requires the Office of the Registrar to verify that eligible students have registered in order for those students to receive various state educational benefits. The law provides that those who have failed to certify their compliance with Selective Service registration requirements are ineligible for state financial aid programs and will be assessed a penalty equivalent to the difference between in-state and out-of-state tuition and fees. More information can be found on our Selective Service Registration page.
- A student's residency classification and corresponding fee assessments are subject to audit at any time throughout the academic career of the student.
The following are examples of income sources, that if received within the 12–month period preceding the term residency reclassification is desired, would make a student ineligible for Ohio Residency for Tuition Purposes:
- Support from individuals who are not Ohio residents
- PLUS loan money accepted by the student whose parents are not residents of Ohio
- Personal loans or monies that do not come from:
- Grants or scholarships
- Loans from legitimate financial institutions
- Loans from the federal government
- Savings and/or financial portfolios that have not been in an account in your name and managed solely by you for a least a year preceding your enrollment at University of Cincinnati
- Financial aid that required you to be a resident of another state in order to receive it
- Living expenses covered by credit card use
Note: This is not an exhaustive list.